Offshore Safety Measures - 11/06/2018

KC Controls work closely with a number of product managers. Here is a blog from Parker Hannifin.
This blog was acquired through Parker Hannifin and taken from Parkers Blog. 

High profile accidents suchas the Deepwater Horizon,Macondo Prospect, well blowoutand explosion that occurredin the Gulf of Mexico in 2010,and the gas leak in the ElginField in the North Sea in 2012,are causing the industry torethink its approach to pressuremonitoring during drilling andproduction, in order to furtherimprove operational safety.

One aspect that is receivingparticular attention is the pressurein the voids between the annularcasing strings of a well – anysudden increase or change couldindicate leaks in the casing strings,cement bonding or productiontubing.

There is consequentlynow a growing trend to monitorthe pressure in each void, so thatoperators can gain early warningof impending problems andimplement emergency shutdownprocedures to avoid disaster.

The need for improved annularcasing pressure management isbecoming more acute as operatorsof offshore oil and gas platformsmove into deeper waters andencounter higher reservoirpressures and temperatures – andit is one of the reasons why the UK’s Health and Safety Executiveis urging operators to adopt itsguidelines for well integrity.

Nor is the issue confined to theoffshore sector.

Energy companies are beingforced to drill to greater depths atmany onshore exploration sitesnow that the shallow layers ofoil and gas reservoirs have beensubstantially exploited, whichagain necessarily involves higheroperating pressures.

Parker’s Solution

Instrumentation valves and fittings for surface wellhead pressure monitoring applications.

Parker is supplying two leading energy companies that operate wellhead platforms in the North Sea with instrumentation valves and fittings for surface wellhead pressure monitoring applications.

To monitor the casing pressure, the gauges or transmitters need to be connected through to the various annuli – and the associated valves and fittings need to comply with the rigorous API 6A specification for wellhead and Christmas tree equipment.

The installations cover a number of platforms in the following fields operating in water depths of around 100 metres:

• West Franklin
• Elgin-Franklin
• Judy
• Joanne

These are all high temperature/high pressure (HTHP) gas condensate fields .

West Franklin is the hottest, highest-pressure reservoir in the world. Located some 6000 metres below the seabed, it has a fluid temperature of 197˚C and a pressure of 1155 bar.

Parker's Products
API 6A Process to Instrument Valves

Both customers needed API 6A valves for direct flange mounting on wellhead assemblies. The flange class depends on the pressure rating of the annuli that are being monitored.

Pro-Block Valves

One customer required custom versions of Parker’s Pro-Bloc valves, with 5k and 10k flanges, incorporating two needle valves and two vent outlets. These valve assemblies feature a straightthrough bore to facilitate accurate pressure measurement, with one vent outlet used for the pressure gauge, the other equipped with a special coupling to allow quick connect and release of measuring equipment while monitoring the well.

Double Block and Bleed Needle Valves

The other customer required double-block-and-bleed needle valves with 5k, 10k and 15k flanges, for installation between two large gate valves on each of three annulus pressure monitoring ports on wellhead assemblies. Parker also supplied similar valves for the high pressure protective systems (HIPS) that the company uses for wellhead flowline pressure protection. The valves feature Parker Autoclave female outlets machined within their hubs, to provide the customer with the option of using direct or remote mounting pressure transmitters.

 

Content from Parker Hannifin Corportation 
Content link: http://www.parker.com/literature/Instrumentation%20Products%20Division/Case%20Studies/Wellhead%20Pressure%20Monitoring.pdf?hootPostID=64245a6ac7edf42a7c2270928b4cc1e8 

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